Wrist Tendonitis: Anatomy, Symptoms, Causes & Treatments


The wrist is a complex joint. It not only moves your hand side-to-side, backward, and sideways but also gives strength and flexibility to your hand. The wrist is made up of many bones, small joints, tendons, and nerves. It can be susceptible to various injuries and illnesses in Sports Injury Centre Mumbai.

Tendonitis can be caused by repetitive strain in sports.
Tendinitis is a common cause of wrist pain.

What is tendonitis of the wrist?
The suffix “itis”, in medical terms, denotes inflammation. Tendonitis refers to inflammation of a tendon, and wrist tendonitis refers to inflammation of one or more wrist tendons.

Wrist Tendon Anatomy
Tendons, which are fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles and bones throughout the body, are fibrous. Tendons are strong enough to withstand heavy loads and tensile force, but they can also bend with the joints and absorb shock to prevent any muscle damage.

The wrist tendons run along with the forearm muscles and hand bones. They connect the wrist to three main functions:

Wrist flexion (bending your wrist forward and rotating your wrist)
Extension of the wrist (bending the wrist sideways or backward)
Finger motion
Types of wrist tendonitis
There are two types of wrist tendonitis, which encompass all the conditions of tendonitis.

The wrist, which is a complex joint, not only moves the hands back and forward but also allows for strength and flexibility. Multiple bones, smaller joints, nerves, blood vessels, and tendons make the wrist vulnerable to many ailments and injuries.

Tendonitis is a condition that can develop from sports that place repetitive stress on the wrists.
Tendinitis is one common reason for wrist pain.

What is tendonitis in the wrist?
In medical terms, itis is the suffix for inflammation. Tendonitis can be defined as inflammation of a tendon. Wrist tendonitis means inflammation of one or multiple tendons in the wrist.

Wrist Tendon Anatomy
Tendons – These connective tissues are fibrous and attach muscles to the bone throughout the body. While tendons are strong enough to resist heavy loads and tensile stresses, they are also flexible enough to move with the joints and absorb shock. This helps prevent muscle damage.

The wrist tendons run along either the palm (volar) or the back (dorsal), side of your wrist. They connect forearm muscles to the bones of your hands to help with three main functions.

Wrist flexion is when the wrist is bent forward and rotated.
Wrist extension (bending the wrist forward or sideways).
Finger motion
Types Of Wrist Tendonitis
There are two types of general wrist tendonitis. They encompass all tendonitis conditions in Sports Injury Centre Mumbai.

Flexion wrist tendonitis
This condition affects wrist and hand flexors. It’s caused by repetitively bending the wrist forward during activities, work, and sleep. Flexor carpiradialis tendonitis can be an example of flexion-wrist tendonitis.

Extension wrist tendonitis
This type of tendonitis causes the extensor tendon in the wrist and wrist to become irritated. It can be caused by repetitively bending the wrist backward during everyday activities, work, and sports. Extensor tendonitis in the wrist is known as extensor longus tendonitis.

Wrist Tendonitis Symptoms
wrist pain can also be described as a dull, rather than intense, ache. Wrist tendonitis symptoms may include:

Stiffness in the wrist joint
Tenderness (especially if pressure is applied).
A decreased range of motion
Mild swelling
There is a “creaking sound” when the wrist joint is being moved
Weakness in grasping, pinching, typing, etc.
Inability to lift a weight
Tearing, popping, and snapping of the wrist joint
Warmth and freezing
Symptoms of tendonitis and wrist pain can be more severe the first thing in the morning in Sports Injury Centre Mumbai.

Risk Factors, Wrist Tendonitis Causes
Wrist tendonitis can also be known as a repetitive strain injury. This is often caused by overuse injuries from repetitive activities. There are however risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing wrist tendonitis.

Risk Factors for Tendonitis
Metabolic Disorders: High cholesterol, diabetes, obesity
Medications: NSAIDs, corticosteroids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used.
Age and/or flexibility
Genetic disorders
Repetitive movement in sport or work
Common Causes of Wrist Tendonitis
Acute wrist tendon injuries: sudden impact of the wrist or bending
Repetitive injuries: Any activity that causes repetitive wrist motions over time.
Wrist tendonitis is common in sports such as tennis, climbing, golf, and baseball. It can also result from repetitive motions like typing, using a computer mouse, or painting.

Nonsurgical Wrist Tendonitis Treatment
Tendonitis injuries that are not surgically treated can usually heal within a few weeks to months, depending upon severity. First, rest and ice are important in tendonitis management. If you feel the need to use a wrist brace or splint for tendonitis treatment, avoid any irritating activities and keep your wrists still.

You should take small steps to ease the symptoms. Tendon fibers are repaired by movement.

Wrist Tendonitis Exercises
Many orthopedic hand specialists will suggest physical therapy for wrist tendonitis. They may also recommend specific exercises to strengthen the tendon or occupational therapy for correcting dysfunctional behaviors. The most common exercises for wrist tendonitis include stretching and light-load exercise.

Eccentric Exercises
Exercises designed to stimulate collagen production and decrease inflammation are called eccentric exercises. These slow-moving muscle contractions allow for the muscle to lengthen under tension.

Lighter Loads
In a paradox, wrist tendonitis exercises that are high-rep or low-weight can be very effective. For tendon healing, eccentric exercises can be performed with lighter loads for more repetitions.

When Wrist Tendonitis Surgery Becomes Essential
When non-surgical treatment fails, surgery is an option for wrist tendonitis. Although rare, it can happen. Surgery is indicated when the tendon is damaged or ruptured, the tendon is at risk of breaking, the tendon is degenerated (tendinosis), and symptoms persist even after nonsurgical treatments.

Depending upon the extent of your injury your surgeon may either perform minimally invasive arthroscopic procedures or open surgery to repair more severe tendon damage.

Dr. Karen Heidencan helps you if your wrist pain is severe or if your wrist tendonitis has made it difficult to live a normal life.

Flexion wrist tendonitis
This condition affects the wrist and hand flexor tendonitis. It is caused by repetitive bending of the wrist forward while performing physical activities, working, or sleeping. Flexor carpiradialis tendonitis, which is also known as flexion wrist tendonitis, is one example.

Extension wrist tendonitis
This tendonitis is caused by repetitive bending of the wrist backward during work, daily activities, and other sports. Extensor pollicis tendonitis and extensor ulnaris tendonitis are two examples of extension wrist tendonitis.

Wrist Tendonitis Symptoms
Wrist pain is a mild ache that can be described as dull, not intense, and it’s often referred to as a dull ache.

Stiffness at the wrist joint
Tenderness, especially when pressure is applied
Reduced range of motion
Mild swelling
When moving the wrist joint, there is a “creaking” sound
It is difficult to grip, pinch, type, or do other tasks that require strength.
Inability to carry weight
Tearing, popping, or snapping the wrist joint with movement
Warmth and bruising
Tendonitis symptoms and wrist pain are often more noticeable the first thing in the morning, after waking up.

Risk Factors and Wrist Tendonitis Causes
Wrist tendonitis, also known as repetitive strain injury or wrist tendonitis, is often caused by repetitive daily activities. However, some risk factors may increase your risk of developing wrist tendonitis.

Risk Factors for Tendonitis
Metabolic disorders include diabetes, obesity, and high cholesterol
Medications: NSAIDs and corticosteroids are often used.
Flexibility and age
Genetic disorders
Sport or work that involves repetitive movement
Common Causes of Wrist Tendonitis
Injury to the wrist tendon: sudden impact or bending
Repetitive Injury: Any activity that causes repetitive movement of the wrist, which can lead to injury over time
Wrist tendonitis can be caused by many sports like climbing, tennis, and golf. Tendonitis can also be caused by repetitive motions such as typing, using the computer mouse, and painting.

Nonsurgical Treatment for Wrist Tendonitis
Most tendonitis injuries are non-surgically treatable and can heal in as little as a few days or months depending on the severity. Ice and rest are the first steps in tendonitis treatment. Use a wrist brace, splint, or sling if you have tendonitis. Avoid all other irritating activities.

As tendon fibers can be repaired through movement, it is important to slow down and do small tasks.

Wrist Tendonitis Exercises
Most orthopedic wrist specialists can prescribe physical therapy and specific wrist exercises to promote tendon heal or occupational therapy to correct dysfunctions that may lead to wrist tendonitis. You can also do light-load and eccentric exercises to strengthen your wrist tendonitis muscles.

Eccentric Exercises
The eccentric exercise is designed to stimulate collagen and reduce inflammation. It lengthens muscle contractions slowly, which allows the muscle to contract under tension.

Lighter Loads
Wrist tendonitis exercises can be paradoxically high-rep, low-weight, and often very repetitive. To speed up tendon recovery, it is a good idea to do eccentric exercises using a lighter load and more repetitions.

When Wrist Tendonitis Surgery Is Necessary
Surgery for wrist tendonitis can be an option, although it is rare. When the tendon ruptures or is at risk of tearing, or the tendon has not degenerated (tendinosis), surgery is recommended.

Your surgeon will perform either a minimally invasive procedure to treat your injury or open surgery for more severe tendon injuries.

Dr. Karen Heiden can see you in our Salt Lake City and Park City orthopedic clinics if you have wrist pain or wrist tendonitis.

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