“Prayers were placed at the best times. Therefore, perform dua (supplication) after prayers.”
There are five fard prayers: morning (fajr), noon (zuhr), afternoon (asr), evening (maghrib) and night (isha).
Time is the primary condition for the validity of a prayer.
A prescribed prayer can be performed from the starting time of that prayer to the ending time. A person gets great rewards when he performs a prayer timings.
Ibn Mas’ud asked the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) what the deed that pleased Allah most was. The Messenger of Allah said, “It is the prescribed prayer performed on time.”
The most virtuous and rewardful prescribed prayer is the one that is performed as soon as its time starts. The following is stated in a hadith:
“Perform the prescribed prayer when its time starts. For, the virtue is in the first part of the time.”
The following is stated in another hadith:
“The first time period of a prescribed prayer is a means of attaining the consent of Allah, the middle time period for the mercy of Allah and the last time period for the forgiveness of Allah.”
A prescribed prayer that is not performed on time becomes a missed (qada) prayer; it is a responsibility for a person.
Performing missed prayers relieves a person of the responsibility but it does not give him the grace, perfection and otherworldly benefit given by a prayer performed on time.
In fact, skipping a prayer without a valid excuse makes a person responsible. Performing it later relieves a person of the responsibility but it does not eliminate the sin of ignoring his duty of worship and procrastinating his duty.
1- The time for the morning (fajr) prayer:
The time for the morning prayer starts with imsak (pre-dawn) and ends when the sun rises. However, according to Hanafis, it is more virtuous to delay it until it starts to gleam slightly; according to Shafiis, it is more virtuous to perform it earlier, when it is still dark.
It is more virtuous to perform the morning prayer late; therefore, it is not performed just after imsak.
Besides, the adhan is called when it is time to start the prayer, not at the time of imsak; the adhan is called before the prayer so that people will know the time and come to the mosque.
It is permissible to perform the morning prayer as soon as the time for imsak starts. It is not necessary to wait for the adhan.
If the sun rises while performing the morning prayer and before the prayer ends, the prayer is invalidated according to Hanafis. It is necessary to perform it again after the time of karahah ends.
If a person who cannot perform the morning prayer on time performs it as qada after the sun rises and after the time of karahah ends, he needs to perform both the sunnah and fard of the morning prayer.
2- The time for the noon (zuhr) prayer:
Zawal time the commencement of the zuhr prayer timings (when the sun moves away from its peak). In other words, the uhr prayer time begins when an object’s shadow on the ground begins to extend toward the east on a sunny day.
On a stick that is standing erect on the ground, the rising sun casts a shadow that faces westward. This shadow begins to shorten as time goes on as the sun moves. Finally, the shadow stops briefly shortening. The period in question is known as Istiwa time. The sun is directly overhead at that moment. The time when the shadow starts to get longer toward the east is called the time of zawal. At that time, the time for the zuhr prayer time starts.
We stated that at the period of istiwa, the shortening of objects’ shadows came to an end, and that beginning with the time of zawal, they began to wander eastward. Fay az-zawal is the name for this steady shadow of events occurring before the period of zawal.
There are two accounts of when the zuhr prayer, ended:
The zuhr prayer, according to Abu Hanifa, begins at the time of zawal and finishes until objects’ shadows are twice as long plus fay az-zawal. Asr Ath Thani is the name of this period.
The time for the zuhr prayer finishes, according to Imam Muhammad, Imam Abu Yusuf, and the imams of the other three madhhabs, when the shadows of objects are as long as their length plus fay az-zawal. The name for this period is asr al-awwal.
As a safety measure, it is important to do the afternoon prayer (asr) before asr ath-thani and not to postpone the midday prayer till asr ath-thaani.
The Friday prayer begins at the same as the zuhr prayer timings.
3- The time for the afternoon (asr) prayer:
According to the two views mentioned above, the time for the asr prayer is from the end of the zuhr prayer time to the time when the sun sets.
4- The time for the evening (maghrib) prayer:
It is the start time from the sunset to the time when the redness seen in the horizon disappears. (This is the view of Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad.)
According to another Abu Hanifa’s view, it goes on until the redness appearing. After the sunset disappears after the whiteness following it disappears.
5- The time for the night (isha) prayer:
The time for the isha prayer starts when the time for the maghrib prayer timings ends and goes on up to the time of the real dawn.
6- The time for the witr prayer:
According to the following hadith, the time for the witr prayer is the same as the time for the isha prayer and include witr with isha prayer. “Allah Almighty added a prayer to you; it is witr. Perform it after the night prayer up to the time of dawn.”
According to Abu Hanifa witr prayer is wajib and sunnah dependent on the night prayer according to Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad.
Both views regard it necessary to be performed after the night prayer timings; it is not permissible to pray it before the night prayer.
7- The time for the tarawih prayer:
Its time starts after performing the isha prayer and goes on up to the time of real dawn. It can be performed before or after the witr prayer. Its not perfume before the isha prayer its perfume after isha prayer
A person who arrives at the mosque during the tarawih prayer is being performed. The fard of the night prayer first. He can follow the imam for the tarawih prayer after that perfume tarawih prayer.
8- The eid prayer timings
Its time starts about 45-60 minutes after the sunrise. That is, after the time of karahah ends and goes on up to the time of istiwa.
The tarawih and eid prayers that are missed are not performed later.
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