What is Civil Engineering exactly?


Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and most diverse engineering fields. It involves the planning as well as the construction, maintenance and supervision of infrastructures, which include hospitals, schools, airports, bridges and tunnels.

The program focuses on building infrastructure while also protecting the environment and improving the health of the public.

Global Market Insights, Inc. The company, which has just released a research report, forecasts that the Civil Engineering Market will surpass 11.72 trillion dollars by 2025.
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Many Indian universities offer Engineering degrees in Civil Engineering at the UG/PG level.

Civil engineers generally have many options of specializations available for example:

The specializations we offer in civil engineering are:

  • Construction Engineering
  • Coastal and Ocean Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Fire protection engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • General Engineering
  • Bridge Engineering
  • Irrigation Engineering
  • Development of land
  • Materials Engineering
  • Transportation engineering
  • Urban Engineering
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Engineering

If a student wants to have a career in Civil Engineering then he/she should have to pursue an undergraduate engineering program (BTech) upon successful completion, students can decide to pursue a job or pursue a postgraduation course in the same stream. Certain colleges also offer a Diploma in Civil Engineering.

Diploma in Civil Engineering

Many institutes are offering a two-year diploma course in civil engineering.


Students must have completed class X or an equivalent exam with a minimum of 45 per cent marks. Science and Math, both of which are compulsory subjects. The students must also have had English as one of their subjects.

BTech Civil Engineering

It is a four-year full-time undergraduate program, split into 8 semesters.


Candidates should have completed the 10+2 (or equivalent) examination from any recognised state or central board, with Physics, Chemistry, or Mathematics as compulsory subjects.

Exams for entrance are required to be accepted into the BTech program. They include JEE Main as well as JEE Advanced. MHCET is another exam.

MTech in Civil Engineering

It’s a two-year post-graduation, full-time program.


Students must hold a BTech degree and have a minimum passing rate for the totalization of all courses in the undergraduate course.

Admissions are determined by the GATE score merit list.

Top Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

Many colleges that offer Civil Engineering programs accept students who have passed the National or state-level engineering exams. Many colleges have their entrances to BTech courses.

Students who are considering engineering admissions should look into these aspects:

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced
  • GATE
  • KCET

Civil Engineering courses

The Civil Engineering curriculum in India could differ among universities, colleges and institutes. The basic principles of the course are the same.

AICTE stipulates that students must have 150-160 credits to qualify for an Undergraduate degree in Engineering. A further 20 credits are required to be eligible for Undergraduate degrees with Honours, or additional Minor Engineering. They can be obtained via MOOCs”.

Here’s a summary of the subjects you’d likely be studying in the Civil Engineering program that spans eight semesters. The syllabus and structure may vary from one college or even another.

Semester 1 & Semester 2
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • English to communicate
  • Programming and Data Structuring
  • Basic Electronics
  • Basic Electronics
  • The mechanics
  • Engineering Drawings and Graphics
  • Engineering Drawings and Graphics
  • Electrical Technology
  • Electrical Technology
  • Introduction to Manufacturing Processes
  • Introduction to Manufacturing Processes

Semester 3 & Semester 4

  • Water and Waste Water Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Hydraulics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Solid mechanics
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Breadth
  • Surveying I
  • Mathematics III (Module 1)
  • Surveying II

Semester 5 &Semester 6

  • The design of the RC-Structures
  • Design of Steel Structures
  • Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering
  • Elective 2
  • The Elective I
  • Elective III
  • Breadth (IT).
  • Elective IV
  • Breadth II
  • Selective V
  • Project I

Semester 7 & Semester 8

  • VI Elective
  • Breadth III
  • IT & CAD Applications
  • Breadth
  • Elective
  • Project III
  • Project II
  • Comprehensive Viva Voce
  • Industrial Training/Seminar

The various types of job profiles for civil engineers and recruiters

Construction Firms, Defence Forces Development Boards Municipal Bodies and other organizations recruit civil engineers.

They are employed in both the public and private sectors across all facets of design, construction and maintenance of highways, roads dams, bridges, canals, docks, airports housing complexes, environmental management, among others.

Civil engineers also work in quality testing laboratories, Defence and Military services as well as for consultants.

Find out about these descriptions of jobs for civil engineers following graduation.

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary

Structural Engineers

They design, plan, and supervise the construction of infrastructural projects like buildings, bridges and the like. They can also supervise the extension or modification of existing structures.

For freshers, the typical pay for Structural engineers in India is INR 4 to 5 Lakhs

Geotechnical Engineers

Geotechnical Engineers have the primary job of establishing projects and finding solutions to problems related to geology.

Freshers earn an average wage of INR 3-4 Lakhs as Geotechnical engineers

Site Engineers

They are accountable for ensuring the safety, security and health of workers in the facility. They are part of the management team.

For students, the median wage for site engineers is INR 2.5-3 Lakhs

Construction Engineers

The primary responsibility of the supervisor is to oversee large construction projects. They are responsible for leadership and coordination for construction projects.

For newbies, the average wage for Construction Engineers is INR 3.5-2 Lakhs


Lecturers and professors in civil engineering impart information that can be used to teach students the intricacies of civil engineers.

The average salary for Lecturers and Professors in the Civil Engineering stream is INR 3.5-4 Lakhs

These are just a few of the companies that employ civil engineering graduates:


Maytas Infra Ltd

TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd

Land Transport Authority


Jacobs Engineering

Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd

Shapoorji Pallonji

Jacobs Engineering

Jones Lang LaSalle

Competencies required for Civil Engineering

You can be successful as a civil engineer when you are skilled in technical matters. If you want to stand out from the crowd there are a few desirable qualities you must possess:

Leadership Skills

Negotiating Skills

Attention to the smallest of details

Good Time Management

Problem Solving Skills

Ability to Visualize

Team Player

Passion for Learning

Important FAQs regarding CIvil Engineering

Q. Being a civil engineer is the post-graduation specializedization in structural design help me in obtaining a job in the Government sector?

A. A. Candidates who have a good grasp of the subject will have higher chances of passing the exams and being able to be hired on post-graduate levels.

Q. What is the benefit from my 50% mark in my BE programme but very high in GATE for civil engineering?

A. A. These institutions have a wide range of criteria for selection. Certain institutions also look at the grades of undergraduates.

PSUs provide limited opportunities for civil engineers. Interviews are made based on the rank of a candidate in the GATE. Some PSUs will also conduct separate exams in the wake of an interview. They also verify the BE aggregate of a candidate.

Q. Q.

A. Here is a list of a few international journals that are connected to civil engineering.

International Journal of Civil Engineering

Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture David Publishing Company

Architecture and Civil Engineering

International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research

Q. I’m a second-year student studying civil engineering. Where should I go to get training? Does it make sense for me to attend the course?

A. It’s all based on the career path you have in mind. It is extremely beneficial to have a job in this field. Learning civil engineering is best done in the field, by observing how things function. Training in the field is beneficial for a career as a consultant or designer of structures. Think about a course.

Q. Q.

A. It’s based on where you will be after graduating. The language is spoken in the country you’ll be posted in can help you to do internships and get project works.

Q. What are the top firms to pursue an internship in India?

A. The most suitable company to work in depends on the sector you want after your course. Here is a list of top engineering firms in civil engineering:

Structural Engineering/Geo-technical Engineering:

Indian Railways

Public Works Department

Real Estate Companies

Transportation Engineering

National Highway Authority of India

Public Works Department

Airport Authority of India

Environment Engineering:

Public Health Department

Municipal Committee of any City

Building Materials

H&R Johnson Tiles

Townships/Real Estate Developers

Q. Q.

A. Civil engineering graduates can take up advanced courses such as Drawing and Design, Structural Design and Surveying. They could also be looking for jobs in the business. They may choose to pursue higher education or work in the sector.

It is the decision of the individual what they are interested in. But, the job opportunities are greater with a postgraduate diploma.

Q. Q.

A. Civil engineers focus on construction, supervising, and operating, and designing projects both in the private and public sectors. They can also be involved in roads, tunnels dams, bridges, tunnels and dams and other structures which provide water supply as well as the treatment of sewage.


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