Introduction to Truancy
Education is one of the essential commodities in the US. Every child has to undergo school education, and the parents or guardians are responsible for sending children to school and giving them the necessary education. Everything looks simple until you check the data on Juvenile status offenses of Truancy. By definition, Truancy occurs when a child misses school without a valid reason more than the number of absent days permitted to the child.
Before the responsible agencies, parents and guardians think that Truancy is the child’s fault, one needs to check the factual reasons that lead to a child committing an offense such as Truancy.
The juvenile rehabilitation programs provide an effective transformation of offenders. If the rehabilitation gets started in the early years of child offending, it increases the chance that the child will not commit the same again.
In this article, we will break down how, according to juvenile age range and the circumstances, a child may commit the offense of Truancy.
Age Group 6 to 10 years
A child between the age of 6 to 10 years gets considered less mature in their thinking. The reason is that they are still growing and learning to be in their surroundings. Hence there is a higher probability that parents are responsible for their child committing Truancy. Missing ten or more of the school days without any valid reason is a severe case of Truancy. A child between 6 to 10 years gets considered a truant for the below primary reasons:
Parents are under financial obligations and cannot afford schoolings
Parents who cannot pay for their children to go to school even after their education is taken care of by the government are serious. Such parents have no respect for the educational system and do not have the right mind for their children. Click here to read more such reasons for Juvenile status offenses.
Children are kept home on purpose or homeschooled
Just like some parents think that their child is better without vaccines, so are parents who do not believe in institutions like schools. They do not send their children to school not because they can teach them better at home but because they only wish to do so.
Parents are overprotective of their children, causing them to forego their rights to education.
Parents who do not trust their children or have faced trauma in such a way fear for their children’s lives and do not send them to school. Instead, they remove their child from school without informing the authorities, leading the child to be truant.
Age Group 11 to 16 years
A slightly mature juvenile age range of children may commit the offense of Truancy because of the common reasons mentioned below:
Facing a bully in the school
After repeated warnings and educational counseling, some kids resort to bullying and cause harm not just physically but also mentally on other students. As a reflex in fear, kids prefer to miss school than facing the bully. If bullying is a reason for a truancy offense below can be considered
- Speak to the child and their parent
- Offer protection to the child
- Ensure the school premises is well aware and protective of the abused child
- There must be a counselor for both the victim and the bully.
When it is results time, students who fair well can be seen smiling and moving around the school campus. But if a child is repeatedly scoring less in the exams and gets poor grades, there can be an underlying reason for the same that causes the child to be a truant. The very reason that the child doesn’t wish to be made fun of at school hence misses school without informing anyone.
Mental Health issues.
Mental health issues may arise from any situation—for example, abusive parents, neighbors, siblings, step-parents or guardians, or even relatives. It adds mental health issues to the child who finds himself/herself alone in such grief and may find ways not to face more authoritative figures such as teachers, principals, and seniors at school. A child who has been mentally abused needs counseling and separation from the toxic environment. The class teacher, neighbors, and friends must inform the responsible authorities about the child’s mental health due to abusive relations.
A mental health issue that dosn;t get the right help at the right time may cause the child to commit even more serious crimes like misdemeanor or felony.
Peer pressure to commit truancy
Sightly elder age group between 14 to 17 years find themselves in the wrong company. It is not just children who come from a neighborhood with high crime rates but also children from decent homes and caring parents. Such kids form friendship circles that encourage truancy and do not know the consequences. It becomes increasingly challenging to abstain from committing the truancy offense when everyone among the group of friends is missing school on purpose.
Lagging in school work
Repeated school grades, unable to finish work on time, and constantly being behind in schoolwork are why kids do not wish to attend school. There can be several reasons for a child lagging in school work. But scolding and punishing must not be the way out from this. If a child is facing learning difficulties or cannot grasp concepts quickly at school, there should be a go-to department and person to mention their problems with school work.
Speaking of the elephant in the room, the rampant drug abuse has reached children of younger age. Drugs can be accessible to kids if parents, teachers, and guardians do not pay close attention to their behavior and friend circle once addicted children skip school to consume drugs and be with another addicted group of children and adults. Some of these kids may end up as serious criminals when they grow up.
Hence there needs to be proper care for children who commit Truancy due to the use of drugs.
- Having drugs at any age is a crime.
- Children must be counseled and must be under strict protection when they are guilty of drug abuse and truancy.
- There must create a strict clean environment for the child provided by the court in the case.
- The child should be removed from parental care if the parents are drug abusers and cannot take care of the child leading them to fall prey to the same habits as them.
- The school must set up a meeting with the parents to plan the child’s development and career path to divert their attention from toxic substances.
Finding no friends at school can add mental discomfort to a child. They might self analyze themselves and feel guilty about themselves for not sticking to a group of friends or any best friends. However, there can be a foundation within the school where children who feel lonely can register themselves and speak like students who feel the same.
A friendship in school goes a long way in the overall development of the child. Hence no child should feel alone or lonely when they are in school. On the contrary, truancy is a severe condition of withdrawal from the public world and leading to be more alone. Click here to find out more about Juvenile age rage and how it can affect children differently.
Truancy is more of a symptom than a cause of an offense. The reasons mentioned above are some of the most common ones that lead a child to commit the offense. The juvenile age range is essential when it comes to handling a child. A remedy that works for a six-year-old child will possibly not work on a 13 or 16-year-old.
Such minor crimes lead to delinquent crimes in the future, such as substance abuse, withdrawal from social life, depression, and rage. Even after the child is found to be guilty, there should be enough room for the opportunity to improve themselves and be a better and responsible citizen. The ultimate goal of nurturing truancy offenders is to develop their mental health.
When Children or juveniles conflict with the law get suspected or accused of committing a crime. Rehabilitation can get defined as the restoration of reputation and character. So, the Juvenile rehabilitation programs help delinquent juveniles get out of the life of crime and live a peaceful and life without committing crimes.
Truancy is a juvenile status offense. Missing school for more than ten days or more than the permitted time. Based on the state laws calls for action by the authority. Some reasons truancy can be ruled out are severe health conditions of the student, a diagnosed learning disability, mental health issues.
A student who plays sports and is required to be out of state and school for a prolonged time. During sports seasons must provide the correct details to the authority. To avoid any confusion with the school and government authorities. Truancy as an offense is an earlier stage of significant crimes to be committed by the child. Hence proper attention with care and respect must be given to the offender. At the least, they should not be made to feel that they are an outsider. Once they wish to join school again and be a better person.