Kindergarten 4 years and five years
It is usual for your child to play a lot in kindergarten. For him, playing is a natural activity. But while he plays, he learns a lot! Discover the skills that your little schoolboy develops during kindergarten for four years and five years. Also Read: Q Words for kids
Why is play important in kindergarten?
When a kid plays, he creates his language, vision, and creativity. Until the age of Six, sport is an essential activity to help kids develop and know.
The play also leads him to get along well with others, claim, wait for his courtesy, and follow the laws. Playing also allows him to transmit, experimentation, and crack issues.
In addition, when a kid is having fun, he feels good and joyful, which facilitates learning. Play, therefore, allows him to develop a positive attitude towards school. This is why teaching in kindergarten leaves a good place for recreation.
Kindergarten instruction has two main objectives:
Promote the overall development of the child. Implement preventive measures to promote Education learning.
To achieve this, the educational program, aimed at both 4- and 5-year-olds, provides for the development of five skills. These skills are transmitted through play, guided activities, discussion, and group routine, among other things.
The teachers’ job is mainly to observe their students, guide them and find ways to help them when difficulties arise.
The five skills your child develops in kindergarten
1. Increase physical and motor development
In kindergarten, your child learns about his body and improves physical skills. To do this, games, where he will have to dance, run, crawl and jump, can be offered to him. The goal is to get him moving to develop his gross motor skills.
He also improves his fine motor skills by doing crafts (cutting, gluing, folding, etc.), drawing, painting, or exercises to form letters and numbers using tools such as pencils, chalks, strings, and modeling clay.
Your child also learns the importance of taking care of their body. This can be done, for example, during workshops on brushing teeth, diet, or relaxation techniques (e.g., yoga or breathing exercises).
2. Build self-awareness
Different activities are planned to help your child say what he wants and feels. He also learns to become more independent and to have self-confidence.
To achieve this, your child is regularly invited to talk about himself by recounting a memory or an event. He learns to recognize different emotions and use the right words to express himself. He also does activities that leave room for his creativity, such as symbolic play, drawing, painting, and musical instruments.
The coach also inures the learners to a class skit to boost their freedom and cause them better reliability. For example, with a snack routine, your toddler quickly learns how to wash their hands before eating, clean up their place, and put their lunch box away.
In addition, your child learns every day to organize himself well: he must pick up his equipment, hang his clothes in his locker, but the games in the right place, etc. It allows him to become self-reliant, secure, and proud of himself.
3. Living in harmonious relationships with others
To function well with other children in the class, your child must learn to respect their needs and those of others. He must also find ways to settle disputes, remember to share, and work in groups.
Your kid develops his talents by playing with the different trainees in the class. His teacher encourages him to adopt appropriate behavior with his play partners and with the other adults he meets in the school.
The teacher* can support the child by telling stories that present minor problems or asking him to find solutions to certain situations.
4. Communicate orally and in writing
In kindergarten, your child learns to listen to instructions and participate in discussions. They develop their ability to express themselves verbally and discover conventions related to writing and reading.
The teacher often tells stories, which allows her to expand her vocabulary and develop her comprehension and attention skills. Thanks to the books, your child can also learn to know some rules specific to reading and writing, such as the direction of reading, the title, the author, the sentences, the words, the illustrations, etc. Your child also develops his language through the many songs and nursery rhymes he learns in kindergarten, as well as the games he plays.
For example, if he plays with a castle in his imaginary game, he can use the vocabulary learned a few days earlier when reading a story set in the Middle Ages. In the classroom, there is also a corner transformed into a house, a grocery store, or an infirmary where he can play make-believe and thus develop his language.
Through various activities such as reading children’s books in class, your child learns the names and sounds of the alphabet letters. He also plays with the syllables to make attempts at writing and reading. These activities aim to have your child know the names and sounds of most letters of the alphabet by the end of Kindergarten 5 years.
5. Discover the world around him
From Four to Six years old, the kid is prying. All Wonder and the Kindergarten program helps your child understand the world around them and the society in which they live.
By participating in different fun activities, your child is introduced to knowledge related to the basics of mathematics, science, geography, history, and the arts.
Every day, the teacher organizes prevention activities to promote learning and the overall development of all their students. In particular, this allows him to see if confident children in the class have specific challenges in an area that determines academic success, such as managing emotions or learning letters.
Targeted prevention activities can also be organized for students or a particular child to improve these skills. This may include using children’s books to improve a child’s vocabulary or to learn to put words to his emotions.
Specialists can lead these activities from the school trained in orthopedagogy, psychoeducation, special education, or speech therapy.
How are skills assessed?
For the moment, in kindergarten four years, there is no report card, but you will receive written communications in which you can read comments on the evolution of the path of your toddler.
In 5-year-old kindergarten, your child will receive report cards (two or three). Each of the five skills is noted by a letter, from A to D, accompanied by comments. However, the Ministry of Education could modify the evaluation methods in kindergarten. The teaching staff will be able to inform you of any changes.
The report cards allow you to see how your child is progressing and having difficulty in certain aspects of the program. If this is the point, you will visit with his teacher how to help him.
It is possible to have a meeting during the first newsletter. This is an excellent time to ask him if your child is listening in class, if he understands the instructions well or if he has difficulty in certain activities. You can also ask your questions if a behavior or a note worries you.