First and Second Wave of Covid-19 in Pakistan


Corona Virus has taken over the world since 2019 and the whole of 2020 was affected by it. In December 2019, Wuhan city of China had the first case of covid-19 and from there the virus spread to other parts of the world through travelers. Every country was quick to respond to the threat but the virus managed to enter the countries nonetheless.

Like other countries, the Pakistani government also started preparing for the worst and closed its borders and flights for travelers but on 26th February 2020, Pakistan reported its first covid-19 case in Karachi. It was reported that the person carrying the virus recently traveled from Iran. Slowly and steadily the rise in the cases began and the government had to quickly take steps to overcome the pandemic situation without affecting a lot of people.

The spread of Coronavirus was slow in Pakistan initially. Soon, reports from other parts of the country also started coming in and the cases began to increase. In March all the international flights were stopped. The government was continuously warning and requesting people to stay at home, don’t be a part of mass gatherings, and when it is necessary to go out, don’t go out without a mask. The education sector decided that it will be irresponsible to call students to the academic institutions and so it was announced that until April all schools, colleges, and universities will be closed.

As the cases increased, provincial governments took their own precautions and imposed lockdowns in the areas where corona cases were reported, these lockdowns were known as smart lockdowns. These were considered in the beginning so that less privileged and daily wagers would not have to suffer financially if the whole country were to be shut down but when covid-19 reached the peak in March till July, the country had to face a complete lockdown which definitely causes a lot of problems for people.

Everyone had to stay at home, work from home, study from home, and everything basically just stopped. There was a sense of panic in people but there were still millions of people who broke the SOPs every day and didn’t understand the seriousness of the situation due to which the spread increased. As the number of cases increased, the death rate also increased.

In August and September, things started looking better and businesses started to reopen with the official instructions and SOPs. Schools and other academic institutions began their classes on campus but it all seems a little too early and soon after the control in cases began to vanish. The second wave of coronavirus hit the country with much more seriousness, all because of the non-seriousness of people in the country.

In October and mid-December, the cases reached a record 800 per day as compared to 450 to 500 in the first wave of the pandemic. According to a report by the Thesis Writing Service in Pakistan, The second wave is often considered to be more chaotic or deadly and this was exactly that. It affected not only Pakistan but all the other countries in the world.

As of today, January 2021, there is a total of 490,476 confirmed covid-19 cases in Pakistan out of which 35,707 are active at the moment. 444,360 patients recovered while 10,409 lost their lives. The most number of cases are reported from Sindh with a total of 219,452 out of which 17,959 are active, total deaths occurred in Sindh are 3,623.

Punjab is the second most corona-positive province of Pakistan with 141,393 total cases out of which 11,008 are active. There have been 4,160 deaths in Punjab due to Covid-19. KPK is in the third position for the cases while Gilgit Baltistan has the lowest cases of the corona. Let’s hope this second wave gets over quickly as new vaccines are being introduced so that our lives can go back to normal.


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