10 Common Types of Bone Fractures

Types of Bone Fractures

In today’s world, fractures are the most common type of injury that people suffer from. There are several reasons why people suffer from fractures. However, one should be careful and take proper precautions in order to avoid suffering from bone fractures.

If you have ever suffered from a bone fracture, you might understand how difficult it is to tolerate pain. What is scarier is that the patient might hear the cracks of the bone, which can be distressful to much extent. People cannot easily tolerate the excruciating pain.

Dive in if you want to read more about different types of bone fractures.

Different Types of Bone Fracture

Following are the different types of bone fractures:

1.     Stable Fracture

This is one of the common types of fracture, and in this sort of fracture that occurs, the bone breaks cleanly, with all of its parts in place, resulting from an injury. Thus, this indicates that the bone remains in the same location as before after breaking. For this sort of treatment, the doctor will merely immobilize the bone with the help of a cast. The reason is that this form of fracture does not require unnecessary realignments. Moreover, to relieve the discomfort, the patient is prescribed some antibiotics so he can handle the pain by the time his bone heals.

2.     Transverse Fracture

A transverse fracture is another type of fracture that occurs straight at the bone. Simply put, the fracture occurs at a 90-degree angle. Moreover, it occurs when the pressure is highly impacting is perpendicular to the side damaged location. Thus, resulting in transverse fracture.

In order to treat this type of fracture, a medical physician will use an open reduction internal fixation, and the purpose is to realign the bones after this fracture has occurred.

3.     Greenstick Fracture

A Greenstick fracture occurs when a section of the bone breaks instead of the whole body bone. Moreover, besides the broken area of the bone, the wounded bone may bend. Simply put, the bone is said to break, but it does not get separated into two parts. Thus, this is the most prevalent sort of bone injury among children.

The treatment depends on the condition of the patient. Thus, the doctor will straighten it manually if the bone is curved. In addition, instead of a cast, the patient can use a detachable splint.

4.     Comminuted Fracture

In this type of fracture, the bone is left in fragments. This type of fracture usually occurs after significant trauma, such as a severe car accident, and thus results in injuring the hands or the feet. Mostly, in this type, of a fracture, the bone is said to be broken into several pieces.

For this type of fracture, the doctors might perform immediate surgery to prevent further injury to the other body parts, such as the different organs, veins, arteries etc.

5.     Avulsion Fracture

This type of fracture occurs when a ligament pulls the fragment of bone away from it. This is also another common type of fracture that occurs in children. Thus, they are more likely to suffer from this than adults because they mostly play in playgrounds. Sometimes the fractures are so intense that the ligaments in a child’s body can sometimes tug so firmly that they might fracture the growth plate.

The treatment for an avulsion fracture may consist of the following steps; the doctor will ask you to stay in bed and make sure to ice the injury, along with the prescribed range-of-motion exercises. Moreover, do not be alarmed because your doctor will not perform the surgery unless the detached bone fragment is far from the bone.

6.     Oblique Fracture

In this type of fracture, the bone breaks in diagonal. Thus, the body’s long bones, for example, the femur and tibia, are the most commonly affected. Thus, when this type of injury occurs, it results in a noticeable fracture.

The treatment for an oblique fracture tends to vary depending on the degree of the injury. The healthcare facilitator might offer conservative therapy where the bone is immobilized with the cast if the fracture is mild. Consequently, the doctor might opt for surgery when the bones must be aligned.

7.     Pathological Fracture

A pathological fracture occurs when a patient has some disease that has damaged his bones, such as osteosarcoma, osteoporosis, arthritis, osteomyelitis, or metabolic bone abnormalities.

Surgery may be required if a disease has harmed the body’s ability to heal independently. Moreover, this type of fracture treatment is determined after understanding the exact cause. Thus, the patient must wear a cast to immobilize his limb if the sickness has not deteriorated the white cells.

8.     Spiral Fracture

In this fracture, the bone is broken by the violent rotation of the limbs so hard that it breaks. Thus, it causes a sudden break, so the bone is successfully broken into two separate pieces.

In this type of injury, the twisting action causes spiky edges which can cause infection too. Thus, the healing process for a spiral fracture is beyond difficult than for other types of fractures. In several cases, surgery must be performed by the healthcare facilitator to realign the bones and hold them together through screws or rods. Before performing normal activities, the patient must undergo physiotherapies in order to function normally.

9.     Hairline Fracture

The other name for this fracture is a stress fracture because it mainly occurs when stress is exerted on the feet or legs. This type of fracture mainly occurs when there is a sudden increase in the intense activities of the athletes. For examples such as excessive running or jogging.

The constant discomfort while performing the activity, such as bruises and soreness, are symptoms of a hairline fracture.

Thus, in order for the stress fracture heal is to avoid doing frequent activities. You should stop performing your daily activities and rest completely. Your doctor will prescribe a certain resting period based on tolerance of pain. Moreover, ice your injured spot frequently to ensure your foot heals quickly.

10. Compound Fracture

It is one of the most severe injury types because when a bone breaks, it penetrates the skin, resulting in a complex fracture. Your doctor might perform an immediate surgery in order to avoid the infection.

Do you know that this is the most serious type of injury? Thus, the patient will need surgery to clean the area and fix the fracture before the infection spreads.


Simply put, you must take proper precautions to avoid injuries. Moreover, you should also visit your doctor immediately in order to get the treatment you need depending on the type of fracture.


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